Satellite TV For Automobiles

Entertainment service in automobiles is getting important new players. AT&T has revealed plans for a satellite TV service called Cruisecast. And MediaFlo, a subsidiary of Qualcomm, a wireless telecommunications company (San Diego, CA.), is introducing a competing system called FLO TV, that is based on cell phone technology from AudioVox. The U.S. switch to digital TV will free Rf spectrum for the delivery of advanced wireless services such as FLO TV.

Current players in the automotive TV market include Sirius XM’s Backseat TV (also an AudioVox partner), an optional service from Sirius XM which offers limited video programming featuring Nickelodeon, Disney Channel and Cartoon Network combined with the standard audio programming. However, the quality of the Backseat TV system has been a disappointment. At its best, the picture is poor, and sometimes it is worse than poor.

Sirius XM currently has more than 19 million subscribers, and its adoption rate also has outpaced that of the wireless and satellite television industries. But the rate of growth has slowed in recent years. Sirius XM gained about 10 percent more subscribers last year, compared to 27 percent growth in 2007 and 48 percent growth in 2006. Sirius XM is currently battling financial problems, holding more about $1 billion in debt ($559 million of the debt matures this year).

  • The business model for all of these services is to provide pay-for-service entertainment, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. In the United States, more than 90% of homes pay for television service, but less than 20% pay for entertainment in automobiles.
  • The AT&T Cruisecast system will cost about $1300 for the hardware, and $28 per month for the satellite subscription. The hardware requires installation of a small satellite antenna on the roof of the vehicle. At the price of the hardware, a security system should probably be included. The size of the antenna is approximately 10″ X 11″, and 4″ in height. The technology is sophisticated enough to buffer the signal for interruptions. If you temporarily lose the signal by going under a tree, overpass, or tunnel, for a period of up to 3 minutes, the service will not be interrupted. The picture is standard definition TV, not HDTV.

    AT&T is partnering in the effort with RaySat Incorporated (Dallas, TX). RaySat has previously offered a similar system called TracVision that worked with DirecTV. The hardware for this system was even more expensive, costing about $3000. The antenna was significantly larger, and the system did not include the buffering feature.

    Cruisecast system satellite technology is based on Ku band transmission, with a bandwidth of 500-600 kilobits per second. The antenna needs exposure to the southern sky to receive the signal. The antenna is receiving a signal from a satellite in geostationary orbit over the equator. There is an electronics module that interfaces between the antenna and the monitors. This module can go in the trunk, or under a seat. It is comparable to the set-top box for cable TV. A remote control included for changing channels on the electronics module via an Rf signal, so that line-of-sight is not needed.

    Don’t look for Howard Stern on the Cruisecast lineup. Instead AT&T will focus on family entertainment, including the Disney Channel, Discovery Kids, The Animal Planet, Nickelodeon, The Cartoon Network Mobile, and Comedy Central. In addition, news channels from MSNBC, CNN Mobile Live and CNBC are planned. “Our target audience is families with children,” said RaySat CEO Yoel Gat. The Cruisecast lineup includes 22 video and 20 audio channels.

    Car rental companies Budget and Avis plan to offer the Cruisecast service at some locations for about $10 per day.

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    The History of German Automobiles

    In 1870, when Nikolaus Otto and his partner Karl Benz independently developed their internal combustion engines, which were four-stroke at the time, Germany was placed on the map as the birthplace of modern autos and the history of German Automobiles had begun. During the latter part of 1870, Karl Benz began experimenting with their engine design and some how ended up attaching it to a couch. This would forever be the genesis of today’s modern automobiles. And by 1901, the country of Germany produced roughly 900 autos per year.

    Robert A. Brady, an American economist, documented extensively Germanys rationalization movement which helped to mold their industry’s focus during the 1920s. While Bradys general theories about this movement were applicable to Germanys auto industry, the Weimar Republic in its latter years saw the industry in declining health. And because of Germany being extremely reticent when trying to develop its automotive industry, they opened the floodgates for American automobile manufacturers like General Motors who bought out German automaker Opel and Ford Motor Company who possessed a very successful subsidiary in Germany.

    However, the German automobile industry tumbled as the worlds economy folded during the late 1920s and early 1930s when the Great Depression raged on. This was a sad day indeed for the history of German automobiles. After the Great Depression had subsided, only twelve automakers in Germany survived. That small group included Opel, Fords Cologne factory and Daimler-Benz of out of an astonishing total of 86 automobile companies operating before the Depression. Also, four of Germanys top auto manufacturers-Dampf Kraft Wagen, Horch, Audi and Wanderer-came together in a joint venture to form the Auto Union. This Union would play a significant part to lead Germany back from their troubles with the depression.

    In 1930, when the Nazi Party came to power, a significant change came about for Germanys auto industry and for the history of German automobiles. Motorisierung, a policy instituted by the Nazi Party, was a policy about transportation that Adolf Hitler himself believed to be a key part of his attempt to raise his citizens living standards in order to make the Nazi Party seem more legitimate to them. The Nazis began work on highway schemes while at the same time undertaking the Volkswagen project in order to build and design the inexpensive yet robust peoples car.”

    As of today, Germanys auto industry is one of its top employers, featuring a total labor pool of roughly 866,000 workers. Additionally, the country boasts of having the biggest percentage of automobile production in all of Europe with a 29% share of the market, next is France with 18%, Spain with 13% and finally the United Kingdom with a 9% share of the market.

    There are currently six major German companies which are dominating the automobile industry there: BMW, Porsche, VW, Opel (General Motors owns them), Audi (part of the Volkswagen Group) and Daimler AG. Roughly six million new vehicles are produced each year in Germany whilst around 4.8 million vehicles are produced each year by German brands overseas. Along with the top two auto manufacturers Japan and the United States, the country of Germany is number three on the list of top auto manufacturers around the world.

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    Zero Zero Financing on Automobiles in Retrospect

    Some say that the automobile industry saved the economy during the last recession. This is because auto sales are bundled into retail sales, which allowed higher numbers than actual to be reported. Many will say that what is good for General Motors is good for America, they might even cite the fact that the automobile industry saved the economy at the bottom of the last recession.

    Remember when Mitsubishi did the Zero-Zero-Zero plan. This was a calculated risk and were betting on the election year gold rush to help pay for any of the fall-out in loans? Well that never came because the US interest rates stayed down, job recovery came late and Domestics along with those other foreign automobile companies did quite well. So what is happening now due to this decision to go 0-0-0, well many of those loans have gone South, and the Yen is high against the dollar and now Mitsubishi is about 2 billion in the hole at last count. The Mitsubishi bail-out cost at least $1.9 billion US Dollars. Many auto industry economic advisors had mixed opinions on this, but for the most part thought the plan for zero-zero-zero was foolish. Zero money down, Zero interest rates and zero payments until next year. This was in 2002 and today 45% of those cars have either been turned back in, repo’ed, sold at auction or are in default. All good things, which are not reality based do come to an end. Many knew there was going to be a problem as the sales winded down and we were being strung out on our payments from a few dealerships out there.

    Triple zero was not a win/win for the consumer, their credit or the company. Many of those vehicles were bought by first time buyers who never even made the first payment which started many months later, yet had put over 15,000 miles on those cars and reduced its value by over 65%, ouch, that is a nightmare from a banker perspective. No wonder Corporate America wanted bankruptcy reform, even though such a reckless lending of credit was a completely foolish business move.

    American consumers today are upside down in their high priced SUVs, they owe more than they are worth and those who bought gas-guzzlers in 2002 are still paying on vehicles, which are not running very well today. Most had paid sticker price or near to get the zero-zero and still others got a rebate, which was used for a down payment to make the deal. I met a gentleman who filled up his beautiful Suburban the other day. His total came to $97.00 and he was pretty depressed, I actually thought he was going to cry. We got to talking about his beautiful Venti sized SUV and he told me it cost $48,000 and had all the bells and whistles. I was impressed and asked him what he did for a living. He works for the local city and said he was able to afford it due to the zero zero program and he wanted to sell it now due to fuel costs as he is divorced and now single. He is thinking something more economical might be a better plan? Perhaps a hybrid? I guess I understand what he is saying. He explained he could not sell the vehicle because he still owes $39,440 on it and it is only worth $18,000 now. What a nice guy with a disaster of a brain for a financial planner, but alas he is not so much worse off than you, is he. Sixteen point nine million

    Americans bought new automobiles on the zero zero plan. Perhaps they did not plan on this; the $3.00 per gallon gas prices. Are you one of them? How does that make you feel? Think about it.

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    10 Useful Website Testing Tools For Freelance Web Developers

    There are a variety of tools available that can help testing and optimizing website performance:

    LoadStorm – Developers can utilize this tool to check load time of the website. This tool allows its users to create as many test plans, scenarios, and steps as he requires. Tests can be built using the tool in such a way as to simulate a large number of different users with unique logins and different tasks.

    SiteAnalysis – This tool can b e used to test and validate critical components of a website. It helps in testing and validating internal and external links, domain names, DNS servers and SSL certificates. This can be run as and when required as often as every hour, or as infrequent as once a week.

    Avalanche – One more load testing tool specially created to test security, network, and Web application infrastructures by generating large quantities of user and network traffic. It works well with multiple Web browsers, and supports Web Services testing Supports HTTP 1.0/1.1, SSL, FTP, RTSP/ RTP, MS Win Media and more.

    VisualVM- This Free tool helps in testing Java applications. It automatically detects and lists locally and remotely running Java applications while monitoring application performance and memory consumption.

    HTML Validator- This add -on from Mozilla adds HTML validation inside Firefox and Mozilla. It can indicate the number of errors of a HTML page visible as cons in the status bar. A user can easily see Error details on the HTML source of the page for correction.

    Fortify 360- This is security as well as vulnerability detection tool for the website. It features integrate static source code analysis, dynamic runtime analysis, and real-time monitoring to identify and accurately prioritize the greatest number of critical security vulnerabilities.

    XenoCode Browser Sandbox – This is an important test tool for developers before launching a website is Browser testing. This tool offers a series of virtual applications that can run all popular browsers simultaneously. It does not even require the installation of software.

    W3C HTML Validation Service- This validator checks the markup validity of Web documents in HTML, XHTML, SMIL, MathML, etc. If you wish to validate specific content such as RSS/Atom feeds or CSS stylesheets, MobileOK content, or to find broken links, there are other validators and tools available.

    Google’s Website Optimizer- The testing service from Google which enables its users to test the desired content and pages. Generally used for testing headlines, images, or text using web-based system. The testing helps analyzing impacts on conversions, user actions, traffic, or other goals.

    DeviceAnywhere – This mobile handset testing tool helps in developing, deploying, and testing of content on more than 2000 real handset devices in live global networks around the world via the Internet.

    I hope these tools will help freelance web developers in bringing out a user-friendly and error free website. Please share your suggestions and feedback on the same.

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    CSS – Easier Coding and Better Website Access

    The rapid development of internet has result in constant advancement in web designing and coding. HTML has emphasized more the content of a web page rather than its aesthetics. However, times have changes and immaculate web design is a key to a website’s reach and popularity. CSS has now become a key element which addresses the presentation of websites.

    Know the Idea

    The idea of CSS stems from the need of eliminating the frequent use of similar tags in HTML while on the same page. The initial idea was to have one file which will define all the values for the repetitive similar tags. All the other ensuing pages could then check this single file and get formatted accordingly. This would result in lesser work load and HTML coders can leave out a majority of formatting tags in HTML. They can focus on using structural elements link paragraphs, links etc.

    What It Stands for?

    CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. These style sheets works as an accomplice to HTML coding by addressing the issues of color, font, layout and even the entire look and feel of the website. To change a look of a particular website, all that is needed is to modify the single CSS file and every concerned HTML page will automatically display in a different manner. This makes website maintenance quick and easy.

    The List of Benefits

    CSS has made the entire process of coding and recoding faster and easier. It takes the hassle of defining and redefining the same things on every HTML page. The benefits of CSS translate into these:

    o With the use of CSS, web pages take lesser time to download. The time gets reduced by as much as 50% in some cases.

    o HTML coders now have to type less code and the web pages are concise and look better.

    o CSS helps in maintaining a consistent look of the entre website as the pages read from a single style sheet.

    o The amount of errors while coding gets reduced dramatically as coders do not have to type the same code many times over.

    o Site maintenance and updating the website’s design is much easier.

    Ushering the Future

    CSS can prove to be difficult for beginners. If one urgently needs to convert PSD to CSS or other services like table-less XHTML, XHTML slicing among others, it is better to seek professional help. However, the effort of leaning it is more than worth it as it is a well designed and neat language. It is a key element in the development of future design and has been a welcome change from the days when coders would have to contend with frequent usage of presentational HTML tags.

    CSS provides for greater accessibility and visibility of a website’s content. It facilitates the working of the website in many of the popular browsers and even provides for website access through devices like PDAs etc. It also comes with many powerful formatting options and presents vast possibilities which were missing in the case of HTML.

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    Web Design Tools for Creating Websites Without the Coding Knowledge

    In today’s world, websites have become a backbone of every business, without which they will lose out on their market shares. If your business does not have an official website, you will not be able to cope up with your competitors. It has in fact become a basic necessity for businesses of all sizes.

    Coding of websites from the scratch can be a daunting task, and you will require many days to develop websites if you were to code it completely. There are many web design tools available that can help you develop websites rather quickly.

    One of the most popular and common tool used for designing websites is an HTML editor. HTML is an instruction language used to structure and organize contents on webpage. Sometimes working with HTML can be quite confusing, particularly when you work with different markups or content and programming language.

    In order to create your web pages, you could make use of an HTML editor. They allow for easily editing, you could design your websites fairly quickly. It is quite easy to embed images and flash objects with the help of HTML editors. The HTML editor is among the amazing web design tools that offer wide array of features.

    Most of the web developers makes us of an HTML editor, since it can render marvelous results. If you are looking for HTML editor, then you can search the internet and you will find plenty of different editors with different price tags. All the HTML editors have slightly different features. The HTML editor is mostly included in the many high-end editing tools.

    With the HTML editors, you can design the websites by using their ready features quite easily. You could simply paste the images and direct them to the source. In just a few minutes, you can have complete tables and web pages.

    On the other hand, graphics of websites are also extremely important elements. Therefore, it becomes essential that web developers have the capability to work with different graphics. The professional graphic designers are usually quite creative, and they can handle even the complex graphics. Photoshop is probably among the most important web design tools that all web designers are familiar with.

    The web design tools help designers to create functional and attractive buttons, text and logos while developing the graphics. The tool to resize images is also important for reducing the size of the web pages.

    The Flash development is an area in which most of the web developers delegate to the experts. The flash designing tools will help you enhance the multimedia feature of your website. The flash tools will add more functionality beyond simple designing. They help you in converting video files into flash and make them smaller, so that they work efficiently on websites.

    You can also make use of tools that can outline the processes required to make dynamic web forms. You can also create websites pop-ups and storefronts. Variety of additional tools can assists designers to add forum, photo galleries, blogs and many options.

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    What Defines a Full Stack Web Development? A Brief Study

    Full stack development is an extensive word that umbrellas various stages of software development such as ‘project management, front-end as well as back-end technologies, database management system, and quality assurance.

    Front-end technologies are the outer covers through which you interact with, while the back-end is a server-side technology that (user can’t see in the browser) handles the user authentication, database interactions, logics, server authentication to name a few.

    Digging deep, let’s distill down and understand the front-end and back-end technologies on the layers of the type of programming languages/frameworks involved in it.

    1. Technologies Encapsulating The Front-end

    The most commonly used front-end technologies are:

    – HTML/CSS

    HTML is the foundation of any website development process. It’s the building block that turns the text into images, tables, and links. The latest version of HTML is HTML5.

    – JavaScript

    A scripting language used to enhance the look and feel of HTML pages by infusing rich and interactive effects. It is commonly found embedded in HTML code.

    – AngularJS

    It is a JavaScript-based open-source structural framework built for dynamic web apps, beautiful web interfaces, and large scale/ high-performance applications.

    – Node.JS

    Node JS is an open-source, server-side platform wrapped around the JavaScript language for building scalable, event-driven applications.

    – ReactJS

    It is a fast and flexible javascript library maintained by Facebook and Instagram that enables us to efficiently build dynamic user experiences.

    – VBScript

    Visual Basic Script is a component-based scripting language developed by Microsoft. It enhances wen functionality with lightweight speed.

    – JQuery

    jQuery is a concise and fast JavaScript library that simplifies the HTML’s client-side scripting and can be used to simplify event handling, HTML document traversing, Ajax interactions and animation for speedy website development.

    – Bootstrap

    Bootstrap contains HTML- and CSS-based design templates for typography, forms, buttons, navigation and other interface components, as well as optional JavaScript extensions.

    Other than this there are other front-end technologies like Ember JS and Material UI as well.

    2. Technologies behind Back-End

    As discussed in the opening paragraph, back-end or server-side technologies are responsible for how the site works updates and changes. The most hard-hitting back-end programming languages are:

    – PHP

    Counted as the most popular language for web development, PHP’s syntax is quite similar to C and Java. The classic and popular frameworks for PHP are Zend Framework and Symfony.

    – PYTHON

    Probably, a simpler syntax than PHP, Python is designed to have a legible code and is well tested. The most popular framework for Python is Django.

    – Ruby

    Designed to be a fun language, Ruby is often called as a programmer’s best friend. Twitter was built using Ruby. The most popular framework for Ruby is ‘Ruby on Rails’.

    – Scala

    Designed to be concise, many of Scala’s design decisions are aimed to address criticisms of Java. Scala is an object-oriented and runs on Java platform.

    – Node.js (and JavaScript)

    Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform Java script runtime environment used for executing JavaScript code server side. It’s best known to build real-time Web APIs.

    3. Database Management System

    MySQL is the most popular DBMS for websites. The other names in the database field are SQL Server, Oracle or DB2.

    4. Quality Assurance

    Full stack development also includes quality assurance and testing responsibilities. In this stage, engineers oversee the entire development process, from start to finish and check the security concerns, bugs throughout the program.

    This was the breadth and depth of full stack development that comes with a full-time service of full stack developer or full stack Web Development Company. Right from the project analysis, UI UX design, and front and back-end development to Quality Assurance this promising line says it all.

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    What Are the Benefits of JavaScript?

    For the beginner, the words JavaScript and HTML are just terms that he/she has probably heard of. So, presuming that some of these beginners are reading this article, let’s start with the definition of these words. HTML stands for HyperTextMarkup Language which is, “the tags used to structure web pages so that a browser can display it in a way that is also influenced by the browser’s design and the user’s preferences for font, style, etc.” (See 1). Meanwhile, JavaScript is “a scripting programming language most commonly used to add interactive features and webpages.” (See 2).

    Basically, HTML tags create what you put into your page and JavaScript allows you to manipulate what you put into your web page. Just imagine a web page that only has HTML on it. It would just look like a plain written document. You wouldn’t even be able to go to the next page. But if you use JavaScript on your web page, you would be able to move things around.

    So, what are the benefits of using JavaScript in HTML code?

    1. JavaScript will improve visual displays

      As mentioned earlier, if a web page will be plain HTML only, it would be just a page full of text. You would not be able to move around, and you won’t even be able to go to the next page.

    2. JavaScript will allow many page effects

      Some page effects that JavaScript allows are:

      1. User’s time on page
      2. Popups and tooltips
      3. Collapsing text
      4. Page timeout
      5. Color changes and fades
      6. Fontsizing and fades
      7. Ultimate fader
      8. Embedded audio
      9. Print page/element
      10. Scrolling banners
      11. Flying text
      12. News scroller
      13. Automated popups
      14. Image transitions
      15. Toggle buttons
    3. JavaScript will add user interactivity

      The special effects that are added to the web page will make it more interactive. The user/visitor of your website will want to keep exploring within the web site.

    4. JavaScript will provide seamless integration with user plug-ins

      JavaScript not only provides access to HTML objects, it also gives access to browser and platform-specific objects like browser plug-ins (e.g. Adobe Acrobat, Media Player).

    5. JavaScript will allow client-side user form validation

      If JavaScript is available, an initial validation of the website’s client can be done to check for simple errors such as missing information or non-numeric characters mistakenly placed in a non-numeric field. As a result, the user of the website gets faster feedback than having to wait for a response from the server.

    6. JavaScript will allow access to some system information

    You need JavaScript to make your website visually attractive to potential clients and visitors by adding interactivity and dynamics to HTML pages. After all, who would want to go to a website that only had one page filled with text? The web page would not look good, not to mention boring.

    So, use all the tools that you need to learn JavaScript. Just do research on the web or better yet, have an expert teach you. You will find out that making a great website can be easy.



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    MySpace Layouts – 5 Tips For a Killer Layout

    MySpace has exploded as the number one social networking site online. It’s a place for people of all ages and interests to go to meet people with similar interests, make new friends, and build a network. In order to attract others interested in becoming your MySpace friends, you’ll definitely need to have an inviting MySpace layout, something that reflects your own unique style. So how do you go about creating an eye-catching MySpace layout? Will you need to take courses on HTML, CSS, and Web design or pay top-dollar to a hotshot Web designer?

    Fortunately, the answer is a lot easier than all that. With a little time spent upfront, you can create a fantastic MySpace layout that really impresses. Here are 5 tips to get you started in the right direction:

    1. Decide on your style — keep in mind that your MySpace page is like your front door to the world. It should reflect who you are and a bit of your own personal style. Just sticking with the default MySpace layout will probably give the impression that you’re lazy and not too original. However, that can be easily fixed with just a little time and effort to learn some basic HTML and CSS.

    2. Use pre-made layouts — the good news is that you don’t need to spend weeks or months learning HTML and laboring to make your own MySpace layout. There are tons of pre-made MySpace layouts available both free and those you can buy. Many of the free layouts are quite good and with so many to choose from, you’re bound to find something that suits your tastes. Many of these sites also have layout editors where you can upload your own images and generate the code right there on the site.

    If you want to guarantee that you have a unique layout, then you can hire a designer to design one just for you. There are loads of layout designers advertising their services online at very reasonable fees.

    3. Learn some HTML — despite what you may think or have been told, learning basic HTML coding is not difficult at all. Especially if you’re going to just tweak a pre-made MySpace layout. In fact, this is a great way to get your feet wet and possibly develop a deeper interest in Web site design. There loads of very good free HTML tutorials online to help get you started.

    4. Learn about CSS — actually, you’ll find that tweaking pre-made layouts is more about changing the Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) code rather than the HTML. The name may sound daunting, but CSS is a very convenient way to change the formatting of your layout without needing to edit bunches of HTML tags.

    The old method for changing the style of the text on a Web page was to edit each and every font tag on the page. There could be scores of these tags to change making the job very tedious and error pone. With CSS changing the color of the text used on your MySpace profile page is simply a matter of changing the value that defines the font color in the CSS rule for the body tag on your page.

    There is a lot to CSS, but you don’t need to be an expert to get started. Like learning HTML, there are also a lot of free CSS tutorials online.

    5. Tweaking & experimenting — the best way to get started creating your own MySpace layout is to grab a free layout you like and start experimenting. Don’t be afraid – just jump in with both feet and see what happens when you start changing around the values in the CSS section of your layout. Don’t worry if you mess something up, just make a backup copy of the layout code to be safe. Who knows, you might really like some of the changes you happen to make by accident!

    So take some time now to peruse the many free MySpace layouts available and select a few that you really like. You may want to get your friends and family to help you make the final choice. Then from there, it’s just a matter of playing around with the HTML and CSS code until you have something you’re really happy with. And remember, what will really make your profile standout is the content you place on it. Then in no time, you’ll have a MySpace layout that you’ll be really proud of and you’ll see your list of MySpace friends really takeoff!

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    Subdomains and WordPress – ‘How To’

    This article resulted from some recent work performed on a new website, and I have written it as a step-by-step solution. It could save you a stack of time. It assumes that you understand the use of FTP.

    AIM 1: to create a website and to add a subdomain.

    Please note: the domain, subdirectories and files in this article are imaginary, and are for instructional purposes only.

    Let’s use the example of a fruit grower.

    Build a website using your FTP client software, and with the files and subdirectories as follows –


    Where is usually represented by /public_html/ on the server, and index.html is the home page.


    Use the cpanel utility to ‘add’ a subdomain – citrus.

    This means you will be creating a new folder ‘citrus’ which is a SPECIAL FOLDER.

    Using FTP again with the username and password as before (i.e. you don’t create a new FTP user for the subdomain), build –

    • /public_html/citrus/index.html (and this time it’s a different index.html)
    • /public_html/citrus/oranges/grove.html
    • /public_html/citrus/grapefruit/orchard.html

    To access index.html, grove.html, and orchard.html using your browser, the urls are –


    If everything has been set up correctly, the following WILL NOT display the new index.html, or grove.html, nor orchard.html


    Conclusion: designating the folder ‘citrus’ as a subdomain has made it special. It is special in that you have to access the folder in a special way. It is not special in the way you use FTP to add content.

    WORDPRESS (abbrev. ‘WP’)

    AIM 2: to install WP on the site, and then on the subdomain ‘citrus’.

    (See for the installation method)

    On your main site –

    Using cpanel’s utility for managing MySql databases, create a database, say, ‘wp’. It’s actual full name you will see will turn out to be ‘yourusername_wp’.

    Create a new user, say, ‘wpu’. His actual full name will turn out to be ‘yourusername_wpu’.

    Connect the new user to the new database.

    The actual names will be the ones to use in your WP installation when you edit your wp_config file (the ‘wp_’ here has nothing to do with the name you gave to your database).

    Using FTP, install WP, following the installation method, on your main site You will probably install it in /public_html/, or in something like /public_html/blog/

    Now for WP in your subdomain –

    Using cpanel’s utility for managing MySql databases, create a database, say, ‘ws’. It’s actual name will turn out to be ‘yourusername_ws’.

    Create a new user, say, ‘wsu’. His actual name will turn out to be ‘yourusername_wsu’.

    Connect the new user to the new database.

    The actual names will be the ones to use in your WP installation when you edit your wp_config file.

    Using FTP install WP, following the installation method, in your folder ‘citrus’. You will probably install it in /public_html/citrus/, or in something like /public_html/citrus/blog/

    Well done! You now have a working subdomain with WordPress installed on the main domain and in the subdomain.

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